Tires don’t seem to be even slightly complex on the surface. Rubber, steel belts and air, not much technology involved here, right? This kind of may have been the case decades ago, particularly in regards to the consumer market, but it just isn’t the case any further, not by a longshot. tyre comparison
Recently tyre manufacturers have recently been implementing completely new principles in tire construction. These types of concepts create more durable, higher performance and more secure products that are every bit as important as any other advancement in automobiles.
This article will review some of the most recent advancements in tyre technology as well as the designs and executive principles that are expected to become industry criteria in the near future.
Advances in Pneumatic Tires
Pneumatic tyres are definitely the industry standard for all consumer vehicles. Early rubber tires were solid, however, from the time John Dunlop designed the first pneumatic tyre in 1888, the world appreciated this type of tyre, in spite of the toughness of solid rubber material, they were downright not comfortable.
In approximately 455 production facilities surrounding the world over you billion tyres are produced annually containing the same basic ingredients; rubber, co2 black and various chemicals.
Tyres are constructed on a drum and treated in a press under heat and pressure. Heat creates a polymerization effect that links the rubber material monomers and creates long elastic molecules. This allows the tyres to reduce where the rubber complies with the road and then reform to their original shape.
Different manufacturers uses their own compounds to offer a combo of toughness and gratification. However, most tyres all start out the same way.
Tyre manufacturer Pirelli has recently been testing “digital tyres” on the Ferrari FXX T supercar to acquire data about coefficient of scrubbing, footprint and pavement quality. This information is then used in the car’s ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT and the traction control systems to optimize electricity delivery based on traction.
Michelin has made some very impressive developments in the extended life of tyre wear. The tire manufacturer has developed a tyre that will evolve as it would wear out, preserving its road-gripping performance until the unhealthy end.
This new technology uses main tread bands that get wider as they wear down, departing plenty of space for water to still get away. The new tyres have tiny slices that broaden into teardrop shapes and make up for having shallower grooves, making the tyres safer as they age.
Self-inflating tyres for the buyer market are also being at the moment explored. This technology is already being used for heavy machinery and armed service vehicles, and uses devices that measure the tyre pressure. In case the pressure drops too low, an air compressor inflates the tyre, if the air is too high, a pressure relief valve deflates it.
Hankook has been trying out a tyre design it doesn’t require air. One of, if not the biggest drawbacks to pneumatic tyres has always been punctures and leakages. The new “iFlex” tires are being made from completely eco-friendly materials.
The tyre manufacturer has recently been working with geometric forms, in place of air, to offer pliable, bouncy qualities of a typical tyre. When tested for durability, hardness, stability, crochet and speed the Hankook NPT (non-pneumatic tyres) performed comparable to traditional air-filled tyres.
As long as flying cars don’t become commonplace in the next decade, expect to see some pretty interesting tyre technology travel.